Nicaragua's history has been plagued by the US military intervention that has shaped its politics throughout its history. Perhaps Nicaragua's best-known national hero and historical figure is Augusto "Cesar" Sandino, a member of the National Liberation Front (FMLN) and one of the leaders in the struggle for independence. Dario lived in exile in his homeland, visiting Leon for a long time and working as Nicaragua's diplomat representative to the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the European Union (EU).
In the early years of the colony, Nicaragua produced many goods that brought it prosperity, and by 1524 permanent settlements were established in the region, including the city of San Cristobal de las Casas, the capital of Nicaragua. There is an increasing desire to build a channel from the Caribbean Sea to the Pacific and from there to Europe. Nicaragua's natural waterways, which Lake Nicaragua offers, proved to be the first choice for the canal. In the 1860s, a group of US investors - backed by mercenaries under the command of General George Walker - invaded Nicaragua and declared themselves the "National Liberation Army" (FMLN). Nicaragua was on the verge of civil war, and Walker sided with one faction or another, but he was able to take control of the country in the hope that the US would annex Nicaragua as a southern slave state.
Spain showed little interest in Nicaragua, because it was more interested in exploiting the vast wealth of Mexico and Peru. Spanish coins were minted in San Cristobal de las Casas, although no mint was founded and the country served as a means of payment for cocoa. With Spain no longer present, Nicaragua and other regions of Central America decided to join the Mexican Empire, but this lasted only a few years.
The Viceroyalty of New Spain was founded in 1543 and included Mexico, Central America and Panama. Although Nicaragua was an audience court of the Panamanian Court, founded around 1538, it was transferred to the Vicelands of New Spain in 1543, when Spain divided its empire into two viceroys and ruled under the rule of King Juan Carlos II of Spain. The province of Nicaragua became dependent on the Audiencias de Panama until it became dependent on the Audiencias de Guatemala in 1545. In 1542, the province of Guatemala was reunited with the province, but it became dependent on them only at the end of 1541.
Nicaragua was part of the United Provinces of Central America until last year's civil war, which was the last attempt to maintain a single, centralized government.
Nicaragua remained part of the Mexico-Central America Federation until 1823, when it met and declared independence from Mexico. However, separatist sentiment grew along the isthmus, and in July 1821 Nicaragua declared independence from Mexico. In 1838 Nicaragua became independent and on April 30, 1838 the Nicaraguan Legislative Assembly declared its independence from all other powers. Nicaragua has been completely independent since then, with the exception of a brief period of independence in the mid-19th century.
At the end of the month, most of Nicaragua was under the control of the FSLN, including the capital, the city of Managua, as well as the provinces of Nuevo Laredo, San Cristobal de las Casas and San Jose. The conqueror Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba founded the first permanent Spanish settlement in the region in 1524, which also included the city of San Francisco de los Caballeros. It was not until 15: 24 that Hernandez of Cordobas founded his first permanent Spanish settlement, which included a hospital, church, army, school and military base.
The first person to actually enter Nicaragua and begin to conquer the country permanently from Spain was Gonzales de la Cruz, a native of Guatemala who traveled to Panama in 1522. He came from Guatemala via San Salvador and Honduras and was sent by the governor of Panama to Nicaragua, which had been conquered by the Spanish.
The Mosquito Coast was an American-British enclave at the time of independence, especially in the Bluefields area. The British had no interest in Nicaragua's independence from the Spanish, as had already happened in El Salvador, and they did not want Walker to incite rebellion. For this reason, the United States was determined to repress any British attempt to expand and spread the revolution in Nicaragua. Vanderbilt proposed a canal through Nicaragua that was close to the United States and crossed Lake Nicaragua and the San Juan River for most of the time. Nicaragua was never completely subjugated by the Spanish, however, and this was a major reason why it was not conquered until after the Second World War.
What the liberals did not know was that the slave plantations that led from Guatemala to Panama were made to run through Guatemala. Nicaragua was part of the Captains General of Guatemala, who were overseen from Nicaragua by the Viceroy of New Spain in Mexico. The provinces that today form Nicaragua were first handed over after independence from the Spanish Empire. It was created by an agreement between the Spanish and the US government to include El Salvador, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama as "the Spanish Captains of General Guatemala," and it was under their control.